西宁| 陕西| 新绛| 广德| 郁南| 金湾| 潼南| 灵璧| 循化| 马龙| 甘谷| 丁青| 柞水| 新城子| 正宁| 湘潭县| 抚远| 蠡县| 娄烦| 阜平| 德安| 武宣| 威宁| 江都| 贵池| 老河口| 米脂| 抚远| 丹阳| 平阴| 常州| 武威| 衢州| 乌伊岭| 长葛| 伊宁县| 绵竹| 松桃| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 五台| 铁山港| 建阳| 大足| 治多| 文安| 三水| 上虞| 柳江| 眉县| 正蓝旗| 泌阳| 平江| 昌图| 蒲县| 寻甸| 北仑| 江陵| 沙河| 延寿| 商洛| 遵化| 肃北| 双阳| 内乡| 南投| 嘉荫| 新郑| 景东| 宝鸡| 沙河| 海口| 元江| 蒙山| 乌兰察布| 穆棱| 扬中| 巴彦淖尔| 陕县| 永定| 白水| 镇赉| 雅安| 永州| 宜宾市| 淄博| 龙岗| 克什克腾旗| 福安| 波密| 遂昌| 集安| 桦南| 金湖| 武城| 金山| 新邵| 龙岗| 瓦房店| 平鲁| 宣化县| 红河| 青岛| 武川| 松阳| 吴川| 丰南| 佛坪| 玉门| 寻甸| 隰县| 郯城| 海城| 金堂| 岑溪| 沁水| 江夏| 札达| 澧县| 新邵| 蕉岭| 枝江| 海盐| 盐津| 丰县| 金门| 石龙| 文水| 鹰潭| 本溪市| 庐山| 盘山| 天门| 衢江| 金沙| 岚皋| 海盐| 昌黎| 宣恩| 沿滩| 江夏| 远安| 平阳| 安庆| 绛县| 五峰| 都昌| 牡丹江| 二道江| 同德| 衡阳市| 铜陵市| 安溪| 枞阳| 汉中| 阜城| 高唐| 定襄| 定结| 玉门| 永州| 岐山| 哈密| 和林格尔| 湖口| 遂宁| 浚县| 白银| 柳林| 杂多| 广丰| 桃园| 遵义市| 石首| 辛集| 滁州| 康保| 利津| 弥勒| 乾安| 黎城| 吉县| 淮阴| 贞丰| 新巴尔虎左旗| 东明| 英德| 遂平| 江津| 新干| 大渡口| 万全| 扶绥| 南宁| 阿拉善左旗| 许昌| 凤台| 南涧| 如东| 寿阳| 四平| 无为| 阳原| 新野| 申扎| 托克逊| 夷陵| 武定| 汝城| 佛冈| 魏县| 连平| 霸州| 如东| 红岗| 武乡| 广水| 洛浦| 台北县| 嘉祥| 灵武| 木垒| 桐城| 敦化| 剑河| 连州| 南雄| 林西| 惠民| 贵南| 东乡| 安康| 乌兰浩特| 吴中| 蓬安| 白河| 山西| 方城| 塔什库尔干| 闽清| 白朗| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 聊城| 孟村| 枝江| 钓鱼岛| 来宾| 辽阳县| 头屯河| 盐边| 大冶| 高要| 都兰| 大姚| 桂林| 来安| 固镇| 阳山| 邕宁| 德阳| 道县| 闻喜| 横县| 奉化|

囧囧囧!分手后男子将胸口女友头像纹身改成狗

2019-09-23 00:34 来源:中国崇阳网

  囧囧囧!分手后男子将胸口女友头像纹身改成狗

  ShahuLakeinNingxiaHuiautonomousregion,May22,2018.()Onasummerevening,whenmildwindblows,,oneofthetop10des,,,May22,2018.()Thelakeisnotonlyanestforbirds,,visitorscantryspeedboatingandparasailingonthelake,,asafilmingspotforthe1995movieAChineseOdyssey,attractsalarge,May22,2018.()AcampatthebeachneartheShahuLakeinNingxiaHuiautonomousregion,May22,2018.()ShahuLakeinNingxiaHuiautonomousregion,May22,2018.()ShahuLakeinNingxiaHuiautonomousregion,May23,2018.()AvisitortriesparasailingontheShahuLakeinNingxiaHuiautonomousregion,May23,2018.()Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)

ThenationsforeignexchangereservesslippedforthesecondconsecutivemonthinMayto$,downby$,sreserveshavetillnowdroppedby$speakinJanuary,,saidthePeoplesBankofChina,aryauthoritymighthavetakenmeasurestolimittheextentoftheyuansweakeningagainstthegreenbackbydepletionofforeignexchangereserves,andthetrendisexpectedtocontinue,,thecountrystopforeignexchangeregulator,issuedastatementonitswebsiteonThursday,sstrengtvalueinthereservescomesdownindollarterms."Chinasforeignexchangereservesareexpectedtoremainstableafterassessinginfluencesofbothinternalandexternalfactors,althoughtheglobalfinancialmarketwillfaceuncertaintiesamidthecontinuedeconomicrecovery,"sforeignexchangemarketwillbetteradapttotheexternalchangessoastomaintainbalancedcross-bordercapitalflows,,,,,aneconomistwithDutchbankING,,whichresultedinarevisionofherforecastontheexchangerate-ggeraslumpinforeignexchangereservestothe$,butthecentralbankisbelievedtohavestabilizedtheyuantostopthesteadydeclineinforeignreserves,whichmeansthatsuchascenarioishighlyimpossible,,aresearcherwithChinaMinshengBank,saidthat"thereisapossibilitythattheforeignexchangereservesmayreboundinthefuture",astheyuandepreciationexpectationsmaygraduallyweakengiventhepositiveoutlookfortradegrowth.SouthKoreanForeignMinisterKangKyung-whasaidThursdaythatjointmilitaryexercisesbetweenSouthKoreaandtheUnitedStates,whichhavebeenconductedtwiceayear,areanissuetobedeterminedmmitwithtopleaderoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)"provocative",agreeingtocompletede,rengthentheutwhatexactmeaningandintentionTrump,itnotedthatwhilePyongyangandWashingtonproceedwithanearnestdialogueondenuclearizingthepeninsulaandestablishingbilateralrelations,itneedssspringtimewargameswerecond

  品质革命qualityrevolution2018年政府工作报告提出:全面开展质量提升行动,推进与国际先进水平对标达标,弘扬工匠精神,来一场中国制造的品质革命。ThelowalcoholcanneddrinkwillbelaunchedinJapan,hometoathrivingifcompetitiveindustry,withcountlessChu-Hiflavoureddrinksfromkiwitoyuzu-sittingonconveniencestoreshelvesacrossthecountry.这种罐装低酒精饮料将在日本推出。

  MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)PresidentXiJinpingspeaksattheopeningofthe19thMeetingoftheAcademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofSciencesandthe14thMeetingoftheAcademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofEngineeringonMondayinBeijing.(Photo/Xinhua)PresidentXiJinpingcalledonMondayforconcertedendeavorsandstrategicarrangementsinkeycutting-edgetechnologiesandinfieldssubjecttoothercountries"AsChinastrivesforprosperityandrejuvenation,itneedstodevotegreatenergytopromotingscienceandtechnology,endeavoringtobeamajorworldcenterforscienceandinnovation.""Self-relianceisthefoundationfortheChinesenationtostandfirmlyintheworldwhileindependentinnovationistheonlywayforustoclimbthepeakoftheworldsscienceandtechnology.""Hardpowerorsoftpower,theybothrelyonacountrysmanpower.""Innovationdecidesthenationsfuturewhilereformconcernsthenationing.""Iamimpressedbysuchabigfocusamajorplayerinscientificdevelopmentaroundtheworld."-JerzyDuszynski,presidentofthePolishAcademyofSciences"PresidentXigaveaveryinformativespeechonscience,,suchasthedigitalBeltandRoadproject,whichcanprovidecountriestakingpartintheinitiativewithvaluablegeographicandclimatedataandserveasapowerfultoolfordevelopment."MarkkuKulmala,professorofatmosphericscienceattheUniversityofHelsinki,Finland(Photo/Xinhua)"ThepresidenthasdefinitelytargetedthekeytopicofhowtoadvancescienceandtechnologyinChinaandhowtouseittohelptheChineseeconomy,thepeople,sinterestingthatsomeonewhoispresidentofsuchalargecountrycanactuallyfindthetimetocometoameetingofengineersandscientists.(Photo/Xinhua)Thatthappenveryofteninanycountry,soitsahugepluspointforChina."IanCluckie,professorofhydrometeorologyatSwanseaUniversity,UnitedKingdom.

Chinasreformandopening-uphasnotonlyyieldedtopresults,butalsoprovidedvaluableexperiencetotheworld,,withthetheme"Reformandopening-upholdsthekeytothedestinyofcontemporaryChina,",whereShenzhenislocated,isthebirthplaceofthepolicy,andtheShenzhenSpecialEconomicZoneisoneofitslandmarkachievements,saidLiXi,secretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC),ChairmanofPakistansSenateForeignAffairsCommittee,visitedShenzhen40yearsagoasajournalist.",ithasbecomeaninternationalmetropoliswithnearly1,000buildingsexceedingaheightof100meters,",vicepresidentoftheSenateofBolivia,saidChinaiminatingruralpovertyby2020,andBolivia,whichsharessimilargoalsintermsofpovertyreduction,iswillingtoadoptChina,chairmanoftheRepublicanProposalPartyintheEntreRiosProvinceofArgentina,saidhewasveryimpressedbyChinasdevelopmentundertheleadershipoftheCPC,,China,Chinasopeninghasmadeitsachievementsvisibletoothercountries,sachievementsinthepast40yearsthroughreformandopening-upistrulyremarkable,andtheyhaveansweredmanyquestions,saidSergeyZheleznyak,deputysecretaryoftheGeneralCounciloftheUnitedRussiaParty.  

  ”,thisdoesntmeantheyareunhappyaboutit.孤独和孤身一人是两回事。

  AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)GiantpandasenjoyicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AfarmerworksinthefieldinYongfengCounty,eastChinasJiangxiProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/LiuHaojun)AfarmerworksinthefieldintheFanchengDistrictofXiangyangCity,centralChinasHubeiProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/YangDong)AfarmerworksinthefieldinHongduVillageofYuqingCounty,southwestChinasGuizhouProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/HeChunyu)AfarmercheckswheatinthefieldinDongmingVillageofXinleCity,northChinasHebeiProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/JiaMinjie)FarmersworkinthefieldsinJinxingVillageofDafangCounty,southwestChinasGuizhouProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/LuoDafu)AfarmerworksinthefieldinGuojiawanVillageofYupingDongAutonomousCounty,southwestChinasGuizhouProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/HuPanxue)AfarmerharvestswheatinthefieldinZaozhuang,eastChinasShandongProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/ZhangQiang)AfarmerworksinthefieldinPingyiCounty,eastChinasShandongProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/WuJiquan)AfarmerworksinthefieldinQiliheVillageofZaozhuangCity,eastChinasShandongProvince,May21,2018.(Xinhua/LiZongxian)

  GermanChancellorAngelaMerkel(C)visitsSiemens(Shenzhen)MagneticResonanceCo.,LtdinShenzhen,southChinasGuangdongProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MaoSiqian)GermanChancellorAngelaMerkel(C)attendstheopeningcere,southChinasGuangdongProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MaoSiqian)GermanChancellorAngelaMerkel(L)visitsiCarbonX,astartupcompanyfocusingoncombininggenomicswithotherhealthfactorstocreateadigitalizedformoflife,inShenzhen,southChinasGuangdongProvince,May25,2018.(Xinhua/MaoSiqian)

  Followingafatalencounterinvolvingahaileddriverearlierthismonth,companiesaretakingstepstoprotectmillionsofusersAsmorepeopleenjoytheconvenienceofsmartphoneappstohailaride,orderfoodorsimplydeliverapackage,securityrisksremainthatposeanincreasingthreattopersonalinformation,,allegedlyatthehandsofherDididriverearlierthismonth,singHitch,w,whohaspassedthesafetymeasuresrequiredbyDidiurity,DidisaiditwillsuspendtheHitchservice""Afunctionthatallowsdriversandpassengerstopostcommentsabouteachoillbevisibleonlytotheindividuals,,driverfacialrecognitionwillbemadecompulsoryforevery"hitch",deputysecretary-generaloftheChinaConsumerProtectionLawSociety,said,"Astheserviceprovider,Didineedstoconductsafetychecksondriversandhastheresponsibilitytotakemoremeasurestoprotectthelivesandpropertyofpassengers,accordingtotheconsumerprotectionlaw."Headded,"Currently,manymobilephoneappshavebeenfraughtwithissuessuchasseekingmorepermissionsthanrequiredorcollectingmoreinformationthanwhattheyreallyneed,posingasignificantnewriskforusers."ChencitedChinasnewcybersecuritylaw,claimingthatnetworkoperators,definedasownersandadministratorsofnetworksandnetworkservicesproviders,,payingmoreat,networkproductandserviceprovidersthatcollectusersinformationarerequiredtoinformandobtainconsentfromtheusers."Theinternetprovidersshouldincreasetheinvestmenttoprotectpersonalprivacy,establisheffectiveinternalmanagementsystem,setupadepartmentforpersonalinformationmanagementandusemoretechnologiestomitigatepotentialrisks,"obeconstantlyvigilant,,753million,,ngsLtdandtheDataCenterofChinaInternetshowedthatover98percentofAndroidappshadaccesstousersars,-basedride-hailinggiantUberioffsindrivers,atleast103Uberdrivershavebeenaccusedofsexuallya,Uberannouncedacompleteredesignofthedriversapp,incl,deputysecretary-generaloftheCybersecurityAssociationofChina,saidatanearlymobilesafetysummitforuminBeijingthatboththegovernment,enterprisesandindividualusersshouldpreparebetterforpotentialsecurityrisks."Themassiveuserbaseandtheboomingmswell."Aspartofitsbroadereffortstoboostsecurity,Didisaida"zerotolerancepolicy"willbeimplementedtoensureaproperdriver-vehiclematchforallofDidisp,aseparatereportandrewiestobeefupsecurityprotectionoftheirusers,thecountryslargeston-demandserviceprovider,saiditwillinvest100millionyuan($)toprotectusersm,whichenablesuserstohidetheirpersonalinformation,includingthemobilephonenumber,"virtualnumber",theplatformcanprotectprivacyofcustomerswhogivenegativefeedbacktomerchantsordrivers,asthefeedbackwillbeanonymousan,fromtakeouttoride-hailing,Meituan-Dianpingisthecountryforms."Wethinkthatprivacyprotectionisaveryimportantpartofcorporatesocialresponsibility,andthatswhyweplantoinvest100million(yuan)inprivacyprotection,"WangXing,chiefexecutiveofMeituan-Dianping,eddataandprivacy-protectionsystem,includingaccesscontrol,intrusiondetection,virusidebehaviorsrelatedtotheplatform,includingundergrounddataexchanges,thepla,chiefexecutiveoftelecomindustrywebsiteCctime,saidinternetcompanieshavetoworkhardtoensurethatuserscangetgreatexperiencefromtheirproductswithoutputtingprivacyatrisk."Moreeffortsareneededtostrikeabasthekeytoensuringlong-termdevelopment,"vacypoliciessoconsumerscanunderstandwhenandhowtheirinformationisstoredandprocessed,defaultfeatures,forinstance,allowinternetcompaniestoaccessusers,sinceuserslocationshouldonlybeavailablewhenappsmustaccesssuchinformation,topreventpossiblemisuse,Xiangsaid.  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  LiJunhui(R)andLiuYuchenofteamChinahitareturnduringtheBWFThomasCup2018semifinalagainstMohammadAhsanandHendraSetiawanofteamIndonesiainBangkok,Thailand,onMay25,(Xinhua/WangShen)LiJunhui(Front)andLiuYuchenofteamChinahitareturnduringtheBWFThomasCup2018semifinalagainstMohammadAhsanandHendraSetiawanofteamIndonesiainBangkok,Thailand,onMay25,(Xinhua/WangShen)LiJunhui(R)andLiuYuchenofteamChinacelebrateafterwinningtheBWFThomasCup2018semifinalagainstMohammadAhsanandHendraSetiawanofteamIndonesiainBangkok,Thailand,onMay25,(Xinhua/WangShen)LiJunhuiandLiuYuchen(1stR)ofteamChinahitareturnduringtheBWFThomasCup2018semifinalagainstMohammadAhsanandHendraSetiawanofteamIndonesiainBangkok,Thailand,onMay25,(Xinhua/WangShen)LiJunhui(R)andLiuYuchenofteamChinacelebrateafterwinningtheBWFThomasCup2018semifinalagainstMohammadAhsanandHendraSetiawanofteamIndonesiainBangkok,Thailand,onMay25,(Xinhua/WangShen)LiJunhuiandLiuYuchen(L)ofteamChinahitareturnduringtheBWFThomasCup2018semifinalagainstMohammadAhsanandHendraSetiawanofteamIndonesiainBangkok,Thailand,onMay25,(Xinhua/WangShen)LiJunhui(R)andLiuYuchenofteamChinacelebrateafterwinningtheBWFThomasCup2018semifinalagainstMohammadAhsanandHendraSetiawanofteamIndonesiainBangkok,Thailand,onMay25,(Xinhua/WangShen)LiJunhuiandLiuYuchen(L)ofteamChinacelebrateafterwinningtheBWFThomasCup2018semifinalagainstMohammadAhsanandHendraSetiawanofteamIndonesiainBangkok,Thailand,onMay25,(Xinhua/WangShen)

  Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)

  这可不是巧合。ChenHeshengshowsaminiaturethermoswhichisasbigasafingernail.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)ChenHesheng,69,is,,,(Photo/Asianewsphoto)AminiaturewoodenwheelbarrowmadebyChenHesheng.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)ChenHeshengshowsaminiaturewoodenspinningwheel.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)ChenHeshengmakeswoodenitemsusingasawwhichhehasusedfor52years.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)ChenHeshengshowsaminiaturewoodenbench.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)AminiatureteastovemadebyChenHesheng.(Photo/Asianewsphoto)

  

  囧囧囧!分手后男子将胸口女友头像纹身改成狗

 
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编者按:   美国国防部发布了《顶层作战概念:联合部队2020》报告。联合部队2020将利用该报告所提出的顶层作战概念保护美国免受一系列安全挑战的威胁。报告目的是为了指导部队朝着“联合部队2020”的方向发展。

  相关消息:
   美军计划提升未来联合强行进入作战能力
   美国塑造2020年联合部队 构想全球一体化作战

  延伸阅读:  
   美国2020年信息作战白皮书:联合部队如何发展
   联合部队旅战斗队2020演习设计  

作战环境

美国认为未来10年威胁和挑战不断增加

美国的威胁来自各方各面 但任何大国都不可能与美国爆发传统冲突

威胁:宗教恐怖主义与区域大国挑战将给美军造成压力

  在下一个10年中,全球经济实力的重大转移、发展中国家人口增长、城市化进程、持续的资源紧缺以及“既得利益者”和“未得利益者”之间日渐扩大的分歧将使安全环境处于不断增强的压力之下。在当前世界196个国家中,高达90个国家由于无法满足国民基本需求或者种族、文化和宗教冲突的混合威胁而面临潜在动乱局势。仅在过去20年中,全球已经爆发了50场种族战争、170次边境冲突和2场地区外力量参与…【详细

“反介入/区域拒止”:中国对美形成了日益严峻的战略和战役挑战

  从美国及其盟友在1991年的海湾战争中取得压倒性优势以来,世界上的军事观察家都在思考在未来冲突中对抗美国的最佳方式,印度陆军准将V?K?奈尔就是最早研究该问题的评论员之一。“沙漠风暴”行动结束后不久,奈尔就建议军事实力逊于美国的国家可以采用挑战美国进入世界各地区通路、威胁交通运输线、干扰基于航空母舰和两栖作战部队部署以及对部署过程中和已经完成部署的部队实施惩罚性打击的策略…【详细

“联合部队-2020”态势:美军需整合各方资源保证其优势

  在未来7年中,国防部将在日益增强的压力条件下削减美国军事规模并将当前位于海外基地的军队转移回本土。无论这些变化的战略意义如何,现实经济形势要求联邦政府不能再简单地逐年增加数十亿美元规模的赤字,国防预算毫无疑问是接受严格审查的对象。尽管进一步的裁军是一个具有极大争议并且存在大量变数的政治问题…【详细

美军未来10年处于收缩态势 但仍不忘武力介入别国

  美国面临的未来安全环境充满着不确定和迅速变化因素。在未来10年,美国军队最有可能遭遇的挑战是向世界上具有战略重要意义的地区投射作战力量,并通过在地面或海上对强大敌人实施军事行动威慑并战胜侵犯美国利益的行为。当前的战略指导文件明确承认这种需求的存在,并指导联合部队发展执行上述行动的能力…【详细

战略需求

美军想在任何情况下都有绝对优势

美国称霸全球的战略目标与需求不会改变 要坐稳“世界警察”地位

作战力量投射:美军幻想2020年与伊朗进行正面冲突

  2020年,伊朗已经在强烈国际反对和严重经济制裁条件下形成中等规模核武器作战能力,生产出射程达到大约3100英里,能够携带核装置的“流星-4”(Shahab-4)导弹系统。全世界国家普遍加入严厉声讨抗议的阵营,但以色列和美国并未威胁采取军事手段打击伊朗以阻止或延缓其核项目。在美国和国际社会并没有采取实质性措施的鼓动下,伊朗认为其核能力将威慑任何未来直接打击行动并迎来了建立地区霸权的时机…【详细

打击恐怖主义:巴基斯坦国内动乱美军出兵进行打击

  巴基斯坦国内动乱已经持续6年时间并且其程度日益增强。自北约军队于2014年末撤离阿富汗后,连续4届巴基斯坦政府都未能有效控制国内局势。尽管面临严峻安全和国际环境,该国连续2次选举都遭受广泛存在的腐败影响,严重暴力行为遍布全国并不断扩散。平民主义者和伊斯兰教政治党派为权力不断争斗,国家陷入混乱状态。在一场军事政变失败之后,大批高级军官被伊斯兰军事组织刺杀…【详细

威慑并击败挑衅行动:朝韩爆发战争 美军紧急介入

  2020年,朝鲜和韩国关系严重恶化至战后最低水平。朝鲜独裁者金正恩强化其政治言论并宣布对位于韩国海洋边界以内的2座岛屿群拥有主权。双方互相进行炮击的现象时有发生,一艘韩国舰艇遭到朝鲜潜艇鱼雷袭击。随后,大量渗透地道在非军事区内被发现。此时,美国军队已经大部分从半岛撤离…【详细

维稳和人道主义援助行动:非洲问题成美介入不变话题

  在这个非洲人口规模最大并且石油资源最为丰富的国家,伊斯兰军事组织势力在北方约3/4国土范围地区内迅速膨胀。首都阿布贾(Abuja)的冲突已经持续超过2年时间,伊斯兰教主义团体占据了越来越多的社会和经济部门。在尼日尔、乍得和苏丹等国的军事支持下,伊斯兰教主义份子屠杀了数千名尼日利亚基督教信徒…【详细

规划

美军在各领域精确规划确保军事领先

不论是武器研发和先进战术思想要领先 未来作战模式的改变也要确保其领先

天空和海洋作战域:四代隐形战机和航母必不可少

  对于天空和海洋作战域,这种削减可能意味着减少或取消部分采办项目,甚至影响到诸如F-35等主要战斗系统。但由于当前国防部对“空海一体战”概念的强调,美国军队在此两种作战域中积聚的主要能力处于在即将到来的政治和经济角逐中免受影响的有利态势。美国海军当前现役的11个航空母舰打击群可能裁减1到2个,但基于航母平台的作战力量无疑还将位于美国海洋战略的中心位置…【详细

地面作战域:提出地面部队全新作战概念

  如果当前国防重点趋势继续保持下去,国防开支的削减将给地面域作战能力带来冲击也许最为严重。关于如何削减开支问题,陆军和海军陆战队结构是得到最多的讨论的议题。近期很多公开的建议都暗示现役陆军和海军陆战队员额将裁减40-50%,主要作战能力转移到预备役部队从而节省足够经费使国防部能够推进“空海一体战”战略建设。这种规模的削减意味着陆军将轻易失去约1/2空降兵部队…【详细

太空和网络空间作战域:继续保持强大优势

  在太空和网络空间作战域,未来联合部队作战能力将得到不断增强和扩展,尤其是网络空间作战能力。美国军队对于基于太空卫星的图像和电子情报、导航和授时信息以及全球通信能力依赖程度越来越高。此外,大量精确制导弹药和无人机依靠卫星提供本地数据。在可预见的将来,这种依赖关系还将持续存在…【详细

特种部队:未来战争上最至关重要的环节

  唯一与强行进入作战部队相关而又不会受到当前国防重点严重影响的领域可能就是特种作战能力。当前军事战略宣称美国将继续扩大和改进特种作战能力,并会在类型广泛的任务中依靠这种作战方式。在未来7年中,特种部队预计将继续保持增长并通过接触、训练和顾问任务以及外国内部防御行动成为美国塑造安全环境的关键…【详细

不足与改进

美军时刻警惕自身不足并加以完善

美国将扩大自己的优势 并发展保证美军强行介入能力的提升

美国提出5点建议帮助美军成功实施强行介入能力

  “‘金雉’行动、‘紧急狂暴’行动、‘正义事业’行动、‘沙漠风暴’行动、‘支持民主’行动、‘持久自由’行动和‘伊拉克自由’行动都能够证实联合强行进入作战在美军战略指导、作战理论、训练和计划中持续存在的必要性。没有人能够预测美国未来将在哪个地区采取响应行动,经过训练并且得到证实存在的强行进入作战能力是关系国家安全不容忽视的重要问题。”…【详细

1.保持制空权和制海权

  制空权和制海权是确保强行进入作战行动取得胜利的重要先决因素。这些优势将为强行进入创造条件,如果无法占据这些优势,强行进入作战行动将面临极度风险。近期发布的指导“空海一体战”概念发展的文件强调这些能力的重要性,不仅是由于其是确保介入途径的方式,而且其还将成为威慑诸如中国或伊朗等对手的高效手段。然而,“空海一体战”概念的作者暗示…【详细

2.建立空中部署打击部队

  对于强行进入作战能力,未来联合部队所应做出的最大改变是发展执行此类任务部队的组织结构和装备,使其具备在未来作战环境中生存所必须的机动力和火力。今天执行强行进入作战任务的陆军和海军陆战队还不具备强大能力以击败世界范围内的强力对手或清除即将出现的威胁…【详细

3.发展先进无人机和反无人机系统

  在众多最新出现并可能对未来强行进入作战造成巨大影响的技术中,无人飞行器系统的潜力最为显著。如果得到正确运用,它们将为美国军队提供关于进入点和周围地区地面情况的实时态势感知信息。为确保未来作战行动的高效性,联合部队应该发展健壮的战术无人机能力…【详细

4.改进海基后勤保障能力

   未来联合强行进入作战行动另外一种关键赋能工具是高效的海基后勤系统,其能够在短时间或更加周期内为上岸部队提供持续的物资补给流。随着美国军队在前进海港和空港登陆(air and sea ports of debarkation)可能性变得越来越低,未来联合部队必须要对这种局势做出预测,通过发展直接从海上持续保障部队能力作为对上述登陆方式的补充…【详细

5.在军事力量结构中保持足够的强行进入作战部队

  “联合部队-2020”必须在其力量结构中保持足够的相关部队从而为决策者提供任何形式的强行进入作战选项。具体来说,陆军应该在其现役力量结构中保持4个空降兵旅作战队的总体规模,同时将其重新配置为轻型机械化打击群。其中3个旅作战队将轮换充当“全球响应部队”中的空降兵元素。另外1个旅作战队将作为战略保留力量应对全球其他地区爆发的紧急事件,并在第二战区发挥首要行动部队的作用…【详细

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